Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Hypericin-mediated photodynamic therapy induces lipid peroxidation and necrosis in nasopharyngeal cancer.

Abstract Source:

Int J Oncol. 2003 Nov;23(5):1401-5. PMID: 14532982

Abstract Author(s):

Hong-Yan Du, Malini Olivo, Benny Kwong-Huat Tan, Boon-Huat Bay

Abstract:

Photoactivation of hypericin is known to generate singlet oxygen and superoxide anion radicals. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by photodynamic therapy (PDT) has the capacity to induce oxidative damage and tumor destruction. We have previously shown that hypericin-PDT induces tumor shrinkage and regression in the human nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC)/HK1 murine tumor model. In this extended study, we show by electron microscopy that subcutaneously implanted HK1 NPC cells from Balb/c nude mice perished by cell necrosis with hypericin-PDT treatment. There was evidence of cytoplasmic swelling accompanied by loss of cell membrane integrity and autophagic vacuolization of cytoplasm but no nuclear changes. There was also no significant difference in the apoptotic index of control and PDT-treated tumors, when analyzed by in situ end labeling of DNA strand breakage to detect apoptosis. This further supports the observation that cell death in PDT-treated NPC/HK1 tumors was by necrosis. Lipid peroxidative stress analyzed by the malonaldehyde assay was significantly elevated in PDT-treated cells. However, PDT had no effect on the activity of superoxide dismutase, an intracellular antioxidant enzyme. The findings show that hypericin-PDT of nasopharyngeal tumors in vivo induces tumor necrosis with accompanying lipid peroxidation.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.