Hyperlipidemia-induced lipotoxicity and immune activation in rats are prevented by curcumin and rutin.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Jan 30 ;81:106217. Epub 2020 Jan 30. PMID: 32007794
Alessandra G Manzoni
We assessed the effects of curcumin, rutin, and the association of rutin and curcumin in organs of hyperlipidemic rats. Rutin and curcumin have notable antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions, so we hypothesized that their association would enhance their beneficial effects. Hyperlipidemia results in lipotoxicity and affects several organs. Lipotoxicity is not only an outcome of lipid accumulation in non-adipose tissues but also a result of the hyperlipidemia-associated inflammation and oxidative stress. Wistar rats were treated with rutin and curcumin for 30 days before the induction of acute hyperlipidemia by Poloxamer-407. After 36 h, the animals were euthanized for collection of blood and organs. Untreated hyperlipidemic rats showed higher uric acid and albumin levels in the serum and increased spleen size and ADA activity. Rutin, curcumin and theassociation reduced the spleen size by 20% and ADA activity by 23, 28, and 27%, respectively. Rats pretreated with rutin showed reduced lipid damage in the liver (40%) and the kidney (44%), and the protein damage was also reduced in the liver (75%). The lipid damage was decreased by 40% in the liver, and 56% in the kidney of rats pretreated with curcumin. The association reduced lipid damage by 50% and 36%, and protein damage by 77% and 64% in the liver and kidney, respectively. Rutin better prevented the decrease in the antioxidant defenses, increasing SOD by 34%, CAT by 246% and GST by 84%in the liver, as well as SOD by 119% and GST by 190% in the kidney. Also, analyses of blood and spleen parameters of untreated and pretreated non-hyperlipidemic rats showed no signs of immunotoxicity. Despite showing protective effects, the association did not perform better than the isolated compounds. Here, we showed that rutin and/or curcumin reestablished the immune homeostasis and redox balance disrupted by hyperlipidemia in peripheral organs of rats.