n/a
Abstract Title:

Hyperoside relieves particulate matter-induced lung injury by inhibiting AMPK/mTOR-mediated autophagy deregulation.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacol Res. 2021 May ;167:105561. Epub 2021 Mar 15. PMID: 33737241

Abstract Author(s):

Yun Gao, Xiaoye Fan, Wenjing Gu, Xinxin Ci, Liping Peng

Article Affiliation:

Yun Gao

Abstract:

Autophagy-mediated cell death plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of PMs-induced lung injury. Hyperoside (Hyp), a flavonoid glycosides, is known to exert protective effects on many diseases by inhibiting autophagic activity. The current study aimed to explore the protective effect and mechanism of Hyp against PMs-induced lung injury in PMchallenged Beas-2b cells in vitro and BALB/C mice in vivo. In vitro, we found that the organic solvent-extractable fraction of SRM1649b (O-PMs) caused more severe cytotoxicity in Beas-2b cells than the water solvent-extractable fraction of SRM1649b (W-PMs). O-PMs treatment dose-dependently upregulated the expression of autophagy markers (beclin-1, p62, atg3 and LC3II) and apoptotic proteins. This cytotoxicity of O-PMs was attenuated by Hyp pretreatment in parallel with downregulation of the expression of autophagy markers, apoptotic proteins, and p-AMPK and upregulation of p-mTOR expression. Notably, the therapeutic effect of Hyp was attenuated by pretreated with AICAR (an AMPK inducer), but enhanced by CC and 3-MA treatment. In vivo, Hyp reduced pathological lung injury and decreased the levels of PMs-induced inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-6), and the number of total cells in the BALF by inhibiting AMPK/mTOR signaling. Furthermore, cotreatment with AICAR (500 mg/kg) reduced but did not abrogate the pulmonary protective effect of Hyp. These findings indicate that Hyp protects against PMs-induced lung injury by suppressing autophagy deregulation and apoptosis through regulation of the AMPK/mTOR pathway.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.