Hyperuricemia induces endothelial dysfunction and accelerates atherosclerosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Hyperuricemia induces endothelial dysfunction and accelerates atherosclerosis by disturbing the asymmetric dimethylarginine/dimethylarginine dimethylaminotransferase 2 pathway.
Redox Biol. 2021 Aug 18 ;46:102108. Epub 2021 Aug 18. PMID: 34438260
Hyperuricemia is closely associated with the mobility and mortality of patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, how hyperuricemia accelerates atherosclerosis progression is not well understood. The balance between asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and dimethylarginine dimethylaminotransferases (DDAHs) is crucial to regulate vascular homeostasis. Therefore, we investigated the role of the ADMA/DDAH pathway in hyperuricemia-induced endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis and the underlying molecular mechanisms in endothelial cells (ECs) and apolipoprotein E-knockout (apoe) mice. Our results demonstrated that uric acid at pathological concentrations increased the intracellular levels of ADMA and downregulated DDAH-2 expression without affecting DDAH-1 expression. Excess uric acid also reduced NO bioavailability and increased monocyte adhesion to ECs, which were abolished by using the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine, the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase inhibitor apocynin, or DDAH-2 overexpression. In apoemice, treatment with oxonic acid, a uricase inhibitor, increased the circulating level of uric acid, cholesterol, and lipid peroxidation; exacerbated systemic and aortic inflammation; and worsened atherosclerosis compared with vehicle-treated apoemice. Furthermore, oxonic acid-treated apoemice exhibited elevated ADMA plasma level and downregulated aortic expression of DDAH-2 protein. Notably, DDAH-2 overexpression in the ECs of apoemice prevented hyperuricemia-induced deleterious effects from influencing ADMA production, lipid peroxidation, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. Collectively, our findings suggest that hyperuricemia disturbs the balance of the ADMA/DDAH-2 axis, results in EC dysfunction, and, consequently, accelerates atherosclerosis.