Association Between Low Serum Magnesium Level And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Abbottabad.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2019 Apr-Jun;31(2):226-229. PMID: 31094121
Mohammad Munir Noor
BACKGROUND: Magnesium serves as a cofactor for various oxidation reactions in the body and helps in glucose transport across cell membrane. Deficiency of magnesium is a common electrolyte abnormality in type 2 diabetic patients and is linked to development of various diabetic complications. This study was conducted to determine the association between low serum magnesium level and type 2 diabetes mellitus presenting at Medical B ward, BBS Hospital Abbottabad.
METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted over a period of 6 months starting July 1, 2017. One hundred&eighty diagnosed diabetic patients aged at least 40 years, were included in the study. Their serum magnesium level was checked after withdrawing blood under strict aseptic conditions. Fasting&random blood glucose and the level of glycosylated haemoglobin were measured and age, gender, duration of illness were recorded on a proforma.
RESULTS: Sixty-one patients (33.89%) had hypomagnesemia. There was no significant association between hypomagnesemia and age and sex of patients (p>0.05). However, hypomagnesemia was found to be significantly associated with the duration of diabetes mellitus among study population (p=0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: Hypomagnesemia is frequently present in patients with diabetes mellitus and it appears that its prevalence increases with the duration of diabetes mellitus.