Improvement of Tardive dyskinesia during mindfulness meditation. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Improvement of Tardive Dyskinesia during Mindfulness Meditation.
Neurol Int. 2021 Aug 30 ;13(3):439-444. Epub 2021 Aug 30. PMID: 34564288
Maria Angela Santoro
BACKGROUND: We report the case of a patient presenting with orofacial tardive dyskinesia (TD), following administration of a first-generation antipsychotic (Loxapine).
INTERVENTION: Four weeks of repeated sessions of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) protocols were administered, with TD hetero-quantified before and during each session via the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS).
RESULTS: The dyskinesia ameliorated quantitatively and qualitatively (1) during each session, and (2) at resting conditions in the long term. During some sessions, after which patients' compliance was auto-evaluated as maximal, complete arrest of the TD was observed. Hypothesis and Conclusion: We suggest mindfulness meditation as a novel adjunctive therapeutic approach for tardive dyskinesia, and invite for further clinical and neurological investigations.