The increased amount of coffee consumption lowers the incidence of fatty liver disease in Korean men.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2. PMID: 32631703
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Coffee is known to have a beneficial effect on various liver diseases. The aim of this retrospective longitudinal study was to investigate an association between the amount of coffee consumption and the incidence of fatty liver disease in Korean adults.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from a total of 91,436 male and female subjects with the mean follow-up period of 2.8 years were analyzed. The incidence of fatty liver was not associated with the amount of coffee consumption at baseline, but it was associated with the change in the amount of coffee consumption at the follow-up period. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that hazard ratios for incidence of fatty liver disease were significantly low in"increase"group comparing with"no change"group in fully adjusted model. When a subgroup analysis by gender was conducted, similar significant results were observed in male subjects, but not in females.
CONCLUSIONS: The increment in the amount of coffee consumption is associated with the lower incidence of fatty liver in Korean men and suggests that increasing the coffee consumption may have a protective effect on fatty liver.