Abstract Title:

Indole-3-carbinol and ultraviolet B induce apoptosis of human melanoma cells via down-regulation of MITF.

Abstract Source:

Pharmazie. 2011 Dec ;66(12):982-7. PMID: 22312706

Abstract Author(s):

So-Young Kim, Dong-Seok Kima, Yun-Mi Jeong, Sang-Ik Moon, Sun-Bang Kwon, Kyoung-Chan Park

Article Affiliation:

So-Young Kim


We investigated the mechanism of indole-3-carbinol (13C)/ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced apoptosis using SK-MEL-2 and SK-MEL-5 human melanoma cells. 13C/UVB significantly reduced the viability of SK-MEL-2 cells, whereas it had little influence on SK-MEL-5 cells. Correspondingly, cell cycle analysis showed that 13C/UVB induced a clear increase in the sub-G0/G1 phase in SK-MEL-2 cells. Furthermore, 13C/UVB activated caspase-9, caspase-8, caspase-3, and Bid and caused the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in SK-MEL-2 cells. In contrast, 13C/UVB showed no effects on the apoptotic signaling pathways in SK-MEL-5 cells. Moreover, we found that 13C down-regulated the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) in SK-MEL-2 cells, but not in SK-MEL-5 cells. Next, to investigate the involvement of MITF in 13C/UVB-induced apoptosis, MITF silencing was conducted using small interfering RNA (siRNA) for MITF in SK-MEL-5 cells. Interestingly, 13C/UVB dramatically decreased the viability of MITF-down-regulated SK-MEL-5 cells. These results indicate that MITF plays a critical role in melanoma cell survival.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Apoptotic : CK(6986) : AC(5304)

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