Abstract Title:

Bisphenol A (BPA) in U.S. food.

Abstract Source:

Environ Sci Technol. 2010 Dec 15;44(24):9425-9430. Epub 2010 Nov 1. PMID: 21038926

Abstract Author(s):

Arnold Schecter, Noor Malik, Darrah Haffner, Sarah Smith, T Robert Harris, Olaf Paepke, Linda Birnbaum

Article Affiliation:

University of Texas School of Public Health, 6011 Harry Hines Blvd V8.112 Dallas, Texas 75390, United States, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd Dallas, Texas 75390, United States, Eurofins Gfa GmbH Laboratory, Neulaender Kamp 1, 21079 Hamburg, Germany, and National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892.


Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used for lining metal cans and in polycarbonate plastics, such as baby bottles. In rodents, BPA is associated with early sexual maturation, altered behavior, and effects on prostate and mammary glands. In humans, BPA is associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and male sexual dysfunction in exposed workers. Food is a major exposure source. We know of no studies reporting BPA in U.S. fresh food, canned food, and food in plastic packaging in peer reviewed journals. We measured BPA levels in 105 fresh and canned foods, foods sold in plastic packaging, and in cat and dog foods in cans and plastic packaging. We detected BPA in 63 of 105 samples, including fresh turkey, canned green beans, and canned infant formula. Ninety-three of these samples were triplicates which had similar detected levels. Detected levels ranged from 0.23 to 65.0 ng/g ww and were not associated with type of food or packaging but did vary with pH. BPA levels were higher for foods of pH 5 compared to more acidic and alkaline foods. Detected levels were comparable to those found by others. Further research is indicated to determine BPA levels in U.S. food in larger, representative sampling.

Study Type : Review

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