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Abstract Title:

Inhibitory properties of polyphenols in Malus "Winter Red" crabapple fruit onα-glucosidase and α-amylase using improved methods.

Abstract Source:

J Food Biochem. 2021 Sep 18:e13942. Epub 2021 Sep 18. PMID: 34535900

Abstract Author(s):

Zhengcao Xiao, Ruijia Yang, Haojie Wang, Xiaohui Cui, Yunyuan Zhang, Yahong Yuan, Tianli Yue, Pengmin Li

Article Affiliation:

Zhengcao Xiao

Abstract:

To explore the inhibitory activity of polyphenols onα-glucosidase and α-amylase, 16 polyphenols were isolated, identified, and quantified in an edible Malus "Winter Red" crabapple fruit. The limitations of two traditional methods for α-glucosidase and α-amylase activity assay in vitro were assayed. An improved method based on an HPLC assay for α-glucosidase and a colorimetric method coupled with a custom-made mini-column for α-amylase were established. Compared with positive controls, acarbose and miglito, most polyphenols, especially the four aglycones (cyanidin, quercetin, phloretin, and 3-hydroxyphloretin) showed higher inhibition rates on α-glucosidase. None of the polyphenols showed higher inhibition rates on α-amylase than acarbose, but most, especially the four aglycones, showed higher inhibition rates on α-amylase than miglito. The Malus Winter Red fruit has great potential for postprandial blood glucose management as a potential diet therapy for diabetic patients.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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