The effects of inositol supplementation on lipid profiles among patients with metabolic diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Lipids Health Dis. 2018 May 24 ;17(1):123. Epub 2018 May 24. PMID: 29793496
BACKGROUND: Several studies have evaluated the effect of inositol supplementation on lipid profiles among population with metabolic diseases; however, the findings are controversial. This review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to summarize the evidence of the effects of inositol supplementation on lipid profiles among population with metabolic diseases.
METHODS: Relevant RCTs studies were searched in Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Web of Science until October 2017. Two researchers assessed study eligibility, extracted data, and evaluated risk of bias of included primary studies, independently. To check for the heterogeneity among included studies Q-test and Istatistics were used. Data were pooled by using the random-effect model and standardized mean difference (SMD) was considered as summary of the effect size.
RESULTS: Overall, 14 RCTs were included into meta-analysis. Pooled results showed that inositol supplementation among patients with metabolic diseases significantly decreased triglycerides (SMD - 1.24; 95% CI, - 1.84, - 0.64; P < 0.001), total- (SMD - 1.09; 95% CI, - 1.83, - 0.55; P < 0.001), and LDL-cholesterol levels (SMD - 1.31; 95% CI, - 2.23, - 0.39; P = 0.005). There was no effect of inositol supplementation on HDL-cholesterol levels (SMD 0.20; 95% CI, - 0.27, 0.67; P = 0.40).
CONCLUSIONS: Inositol supplementation may result in reduction in triglycerides, total- and LDL-cholesterol levels, but did not affect HDL-cholesterol levels among patients with metabolic diseases. Additional prospective studies regarding the effect of inositol supplementation on lipid profiles in patients with metabolic diseases are necessary.