Green tea catechins for chemoprevention of prostate cancer in patients with histologically-proven HG-PIN or ASAP. Concise review and meta-analysis.
Arch Ital Urol Androl. 2019 Oct 2 ;91(3). Epub 2019 Oct 2. PMID: 31577096
A focused, single outcome meta-analysis on the protective role of extracts of green tea catechins against prostate cancer. Randomized, placebo-controlled studies enrolling patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of high-grade Prostate Intraepithelial Neoplasia or Atypical Small Acinar proliferation but no prostate cancer were included. Meta-analysis for binary data was performed using Mantel-Haenszel statistics, using a random-effects model. Heterogeneity was investigated by calculating the I2. Four studies matched the inclusion criteria for the review. The pooled population was 223 patients; 114 and 109 patients were randomized to catechin and placebo groups, respectively. Nine cases of prstate cancer occurred in the catechin arm (7.9%), and 24 cases were reported in the placebo arm (22%). Pooled analysis resulted in a significant reduction of cancer risk in favor of the catechin arm (risk-ratio = 0.41; 95% CI: 0.19- 0.86; I2 = 0). In conclusion, our data suggest that the intake of concentrated green tea catechin preparations may confer a significant protective effect to carriers of early neoplastic lesions in the prostate. The quality of the evidence is moderate, and additional, largescale studies are warranted to substantiate these preliminary findings.