The involvement of neuroinflammation and necroptosis in the hippocampus during vascular dementia.
J Neuroimmunol. 2018 Jul 15 ;320:48-57. Epub 2018 Apr 17. PMID: 29759140
The prevalence of vascular dementia is increasing at an alarming rate. The Confirmation of the clinical diagnosis of vascular dementia depends on post-mortem examination of the brain. In our study, we investigated the vascular disease and neuroinflammation during vascular dementia. Our results showed aβ-amyloid deposits, neovascularization, neuronal hypertrophy and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus tissue. Interestingly, the neuroinflammation was characterized by a higher expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, TGF-β and iNOS which are TLR4/RelA pathway dependent. Finally, the finding of necroptosis by impaired blood supply and inflammation state suggests that the cognitive impairment was caused by vascular disease and neuroinflammation.