Involvement of SRC-3 in deguelin-induced apoptosis in Jurkat cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Involvement of SRC-3 in deguelin-induced apoptosis in Jurkat cells.
Int J Hematol. 2009 Jun ;89(5):628-35. Epub 2009 Apr 14. PMID: 19365708
The aim of the study was to investigate the anticancer effects and the molecular mechanisms of deguelin on Jurkat cells. Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay. Terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and transmission electron microscopy were used to detect cell apoptosis. A propidium iodide method was used to study cell cycle distribution. RT-PCR and Western blotting were employed to assess the expression levels of steroid receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3), nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and some apoptosis related genes, including Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL. Deguelin was able to inhibit cell proliferation by a cell-cycle arrest in the G(1)/G(0) phase and induce apoptosis in Jurkat cells in vitro, with a 24-h IC(50) value of 43.73 +/- 0.35 nmol/L. The antileukemia effect of deguelin might be correlated well with the downregulation of the expression of SRC-3 and its related transcription factor NF-kappaB, which thus influenced the expression of apoptosis related genes Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL. Deguelin presented potent effects on growth arrest and apoptosis induction in Jurkat cells in vitro via the interruption of SRC-3.