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Abstract Title:

Isolation of recombinant type 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) from a Nigerian child.

Abstract Source:

Virus Res. 2007 Jul ;127(1):17-25. Epub 2007 Apr 20. PMID: 17449127

Abstract Author(s):

Festus Adu, Jane Iber, David Bukbuk, Nicksy Gumede, Su-Ju Yang, Jaume Jorba, Ray Campagnoli, Waidi Folorunso Sule, Chen-Fu Yang, Cara Burns, Mark Pallansch, Tekena Harry, Olen Kew

Article Affiliation:

Festus Adu

Abstract:

A type 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV), differing from Sabin 2 at 2.5% (22/903) of VP1 nucleotide (nt) positions, was isolated from an incompletely immunized 21-month-old Nigerian child who developed acute flaccid paralysis in 2002. Sequences upstream of nt position 620 (within the 5'-untranslated region [5'-UTR]) and downstream of nt position 5840 (in the 3C(pro) region) were derived from species C enteroviruses unrelated to the oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) strains. The two substitutions associated with the attenuated phenotype had either recombined out (A(481)-->G in the 5'-UTR) or reverted (Ile(143)-->Thr in VP1). The VDPV isolate had lost the temperature sensitive phenotype of Sabin 2 and it was antigenically distinct from the parental OPV strain, having amino acid substitutions in or near neutralizing antigenic sites 1 and 3. The date of the initiating OPV dose, calculated from the number of synonymous substitutions in the capsid region, was estimated to be approximately 16 to 18 months before onset of paralysis, a finding inconsistent with the most recent mass OPV campaign (conducted 12 days before onset of paralysis) as being the source of infection. Although no related type 2 VDPVs were detected in Nigeria or elsewhere, the VDPV was found in an area where conditions favor VDPV emergence and spread.

Study Type : Human: Case Report
Additional Links
Additional Keywords : Vaccine Shedding : CK(31) : AC(4)
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Vaccination: Polio : CK(98) : AC(17)

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