Isoliquiritigenin attenuates monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Isoliquiritigenin Attenuates Monocrotaline-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension via Inhibition of the Inflammatory Response and PASMCs Proliferation.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019 ;2019:4568198. Epub 2019 May 26. PMID: 31239860
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive and serious disease, where exacerbated inflammatory response plays a critical role. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), an important flavonoid isolated from Glycyrrhizae radix, exhibits a wide range of pharmacological actions including anti-inflammation. Previously we found ISL alleviated hypoxia-induced PH; in the present study, to extend this, we evaluated the effects of ISL on monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PH and the relevant mechanisms. Rats received a single intraperitoneal injection of MCT, followed by intragastric treatments with ISL (10 mg/kg/d or 30 mg/kg/d) once a day for 28 days. The MCT administration increased the right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) (<0.001), the median width of pulmonary arteries (<0.01), and the weight ratio of the right ventricular wall/left ventricular wall plus septum (Fulton index) (<0.01) in rats; however, these changes were inhibited by both doses of ISL (<0.05). In addition, treatment with ISL suppressed the upregulated production of serum interleukin-6 (<0.01) and tumor necrosis factor-(<0.05) by MCT and reversed the increases in the numbers of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-positive cells (<0.01) in the medial wall of pulmonary arteries. In in vitro experiments, ISL (10M, 30M, and 100M) inhibited excessive proliferation of cultured primary pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) (<0.05,<0.01, and<0.001) in a dose-dependent manner and prevented an increase in the expressions of PCNA (<0.01) and phospho-Akt (<0.05) in PASMCs induced by hypoxia. These results suggest that ISL can attenuate MCT-induced PH via its anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative actions.