Abstract Title:

Isoliquiritigenin inhibits TNF-α-induced release of high-mobility group box 1 through activation of HDAC in human intestinal epithelial HT-29 cells.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2017 Feb 5 ;796:101-109. Epub 2016 Dec 21. PMID: 28012970

Abstract Author(s):

Jin-Hua Chi, Geom Seog Seo, Jae Hee Cheon, Sung Hee Lee

Article Affiliation:

Jin-Hua Chi


The suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokine-induced inflammation responses is an attractive pharmacological target for the development of therapeutic strategies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the present study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory properties of flavonoid isoliquiritigenin (ISL) in intestinal epithelial cells and determined its mechanism of action. ISL suppressed the expression of inflammatory molecules, including IL-8, IL-1β and COX-2, in TNF-α-stimulated HT-29 cells. Moreover, ISL induced activation of Nrf2 and expression of its target genes, such as HO-1 and NQO1. ISL also inhibited the TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation in HT-29 cells. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), which is one of the critical mediators of inflammation, is actively secreted from inflammatory cytokine-stimulated immune or non-immune cells. ISL inhibited HMGB1 secretion by preventing TNF-α-stimulated HMGB1 relocation, whereas the RNA and protein expression levels of cellular HMGB1 did not change in response to TNF-α or ISL. Moreover, wefound that HMGB1 acetylation was associated with HMGB1 translocation to the cytoplasm and the extracellular release in TNF-α-stimulated HT-29 cells; however, ISL significantly decreased the amount of acetylated HMGB1 in both the cytoplasm and extracellular space of HT-29 cells. Histone deacetylase(HDAC) inhibition by Scriptaid abrogated ISL-induced HDAC activity and reversed the ISL-mediated decrease in acetylated HMGB1 release in TNF-α-stimulated HT-29 cells, suggesting that, at least in TNF-α-stimulated HT-29 cells, ISL suppresses acetylated HMGB1 release via the induction of HDAC activity. Together, the current results suggest that inhibition of HMGB1 release via the induction of HDAC activity using ISL may be a promising therapeutic intervention for IBD.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.