Isoquercitrin promotes the osteogenic differentiation of osteoblasts and BMSCs via the RUNX2 or BMP pathway.
Connect Tissue Res. 2018 Jun 18:1-11. Epub 2018 Jun 18. PMID: 29852784
AIM: Isoquercitrin is widely present in fruits, vegetables and medicinal herbs. As a natural phytoestrogen, isoquercitrin has been considered a possible osteoporosis prevention option to avoid the risk of hormone therapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cell proliferation of osteoblasts and bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) was examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The osteogenic differentiation was evaluated by real-time qPCR, ALP staining and Alizarin Red S staining. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to knockdown the expression of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2).
RESULTS: The cell proliferation of osteoblasts and BMSCs was promoted by isoquercitrin at low concentrations. High concentrations of isoquercitrin promoted the osteogenic differentiation via RUNX2 expression in osteoblasts and via the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) pathway in BMSCs. Inhibition of RUNX2 expression in osteoblasts by siRNA or addition of noggin to the culture medium of BMSCs reduced the effects of osteogenic differentiation induced by isoquercitrin.
CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that isoquercitrin is a natural potential osteoinductive compound and might be valuable for the prevention/treatment of bone disorders.