Kaempferol protects against cadmium chloride-induced memory loss and hippocampal apoptosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Kaempferol Protects Against Cadmium Chloride-Induced Memory Loss and Hippocampal Apoptosis by Increased Intracellular Glutathione Stores and Activation of PTEN/AMPK Induced Inhibition of Akt/mTOR Signaling.
Neurochem Res. 2019 Nov 25. Epub 2019 Nov 25. PMID: 31768814
Attalla Farag El-Kott
This study investigated the protective effect of Kaempferol against CdCl-induced hippocampal damage and memory deficit in rats and investigated if such effects involve modulating the activity of AMPK/PTEN/Akt/mTOR axis. Adult male rats (n = 12/group) were divided into control or CdCl-treated rats received the vehicle of Kaempferol for consecutive 6 weeks. Also, hippocampal cells were treated with CdClin the presence or absence of Kaempferol for 24 h with or without 1 h pre-incubation with compound C, an AMPK inhibitor or with bpV a PTEN inhibitor. Kaempferol improved the behavioral of CdCl-treated rats, preserved hippocampus structure and reduced hippocampal levels of ROS and protein levels of Bax and cleaved caspase-3. In both control and CdCl-treated rats, Kaempferol significantly increased hippocampal levels of GSH levels and protein levels of Nfr2, Bcl2 and synaptic proteins (SNAP-25, PSD-25, and synapsin). Concomitantly, it increased the activity of PTEN and AMPK and subsequently, decreased the activity of Akt and mTOR. In cultured cells, individual pharmacological inhibition of PTEN by bpv or AMPK of compound C (CC) partially prevented the stimulatory effect of Kaempferol on Akt/mTOR and its inhibitory effect on cell death whereas a combination of both inhibitors completely prevented this. Also, inhibition of PTEN alone completely abolished the inhibitory effect of Kaempferol by synaptic proteins, whereas inhibition of AMPK completely abolished its stimulatory effect of Nfr2. In conclusion, Kaempferol protects against CdCl-induced memory deficits and hippocampal apoptosis by its antioxidant potential and inhibition of Akt/mTOR axis and requires the activation of PTEN and AMPK.