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Abstract Title:

Kaempferol protects HIT-T15 pancreatic beta cells from 2-deoxy-D-ribose-induced oxidative damage.

Abstract Source:

Phytother Res. 2010 Mar ;24(3):419-23. PMID: 19827031

Abstract Author(s):

Yun Jung Lee, Kwang Sik Suh, Moon Chan Choi, Suk Chon, Seungjoon Oh, Jeong-Taek Woo, Sung-Woon Kim, Jin-Woo Kim, Young Seol Kim

Article Affiliation:

Yun Jung Lee

Abstract:

During the progression of Type 2 diabetes, glucose toxicity is likely to contribute importantly to progressive beta cell failure. Oxidative stress is an important aspect of glucose toxicity in pancreatic beta cells, and reducing sugars, such as 2-deoxy-D-ribose (dRib), produce reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, many of the biological properties of flavonoids are likely to be related to their antioxidant and free-radical scavenging abilities. Accordingly, in the present study, we investigated whether kaempferol (a flavonol) protects beta cells from dRib-induced oxidative damage. HIT-T15 cells were cultured with various concentrations of dRib for 24h. Cell survivals, amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated, apoptosis, and lipid peroxidation were measured. dRib was found to dose-dependently reduce cell survival and to markedly increase intracellular ROS levels, apoptosis, and lipid peroxidation. However, kaempferol (10 microM) suppressed dRib (20 mM) induced intracellular ROS, apoptosis, and lipid peroxidation. So, we demonstrate that kaempferol reduces dRib-mediated beta cell damage interfering with ROS metabolism and protective effects against lipid peroxidation. Our findings indicate that kaempferol protects HIT-T15 cells from dRib-induced associated oxidative damage.

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