Kolaviron Ameliorates 7, 12-Dimethylbenzanthracene - Induced Mammary Damage in Female Wistar Rats.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 2021 Mar 21. Epub 2021 Mar 21. PMID: 34225638
Rabiatu B Suleiman
BACKGROUND: Kolaviron (KV) is a flavonoid rich portion obtained from Garcinia kola seeds with a number of reported pharmacological effects. However, its ameliorative effects on 7,12-Dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary damage has not been fully investigated, despite the reported use of the seeds in the treatment of inflammatory related disorders.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ameliorative effects of KV on DMBA-induced mammary damage in female Wistar rats.
METHODS: Forty-nine (49) female Wistar rats were randomly assigned into seven groups of seven rats each. DMBA was administered orally to rats in five of the groups as a single dose of 80 mg/kg body wt while the remaining two groups received the vehicle. The rats were palpated weekly for 3 months to monitor tumor formation. After 3 months of DMBA administration, 1 ml of blood was collected to assay for estrogen receptor-α (ER-α) level. Thereafter, the vehicle (dimethyl sulfoxide) was daily administered to the negative control and positive control groups for the 14 days duration of the experiment while three groups were each given a daily oral dose of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body wt of KV for the duration of the experiment. The last DMBA-induced group received 10 mg/kg body wt of the standard drug tamoxifen twice in a week and the remaining DMBA-free group received 200 mg/kg body wt KV. Subsequently, the animals were humanly sacrificed and ER-α, sialic acids, sialidase, sialyltransferase levels were assay forin blood and mammary tissues followed by histopathological examinations.
RESULTS: Significantly higher levels of estrogen receptor-α (ER-α), formation of lobular neoplastic cells, epithelial hyperplasia, lymphocyte infiltration and increased sialylation were detected in DMBA-induced rats. Treatment with KV at 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight resulted in a significant (p<0.05) decrease in ER-α level, significantly (p<0.05) lower free serum sialic acid (21.1%), total sialic acid level of the mammary tissue (21.57%), sialyltransferase activity (30.83%) as well as mRNA level of the sialyltransferase gene (ST3Gal1) were observed after KV interventions.
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that KV could be further explored in targeting DMBA-induced mammary damage implicated in mammary carcinogenesis.