Korean red ginseng may be a safe alternative therapy to prevent NASH progression. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Beneficial Effects of Korean Red Ginseng in the Progression of Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis via FABP4 Modulation.
Am J Chin Med. 2018 Oct 9:1-27. Epub 2018 Oct 9. PMID: 30298748
Korean red ginseng (KRG) is a traditional herbal medicine used to prevent several geriatric diseases due to its therapeutic effects on metabolic disorder, including type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease. In this study, we investigated the effects of KRG on the progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice. NASH was induced by feeding a methionine- and choline-deficient high-fat or high-fat/high-sucrose diet for 6 or 13 weeks, respectively. Each diet group was also orally administered saline (group G0) or KRG extract (100, 200, or 400 mg/kg/day; groups G1, G2, and G4, respectively). KRG showed anti-inflammatory and antifibrogenic effects in the diet-induced NASH models. Furthermore, the expression levels of lipid metabolism-related genes were markedly decreased with KRG treatment in both diet-induced NASH groups. We next confirmed the expression levels of FABP4 in the liver and its ability to regulate inflammation and/or oxidative stress. We observed decreased levels of FABP4 mRNA and protein in the KRG-treated groups indicating that KRG affects the pathogenesis of NASH-related inflammatory responses by modulating FABP4 expression. Results of in vitro experiments showed similar patterns in cells treated with KRG, indicating that KRG treatment regulates the expression of FABP4 and subsequently reduces NASH related inflammation. Our findings suggest a novel role of KRG in NASH-related inflammatory responses via modulation of FABP4 expression in the liver. KRG may be a safe alternative therapy to prevent NASH progression.