L-carnitine improves impaired brain function in patients with liver cirrhosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Impaired brain function improved by L-carnitine in patients with cirrhosis: evaluation using near-infrared spectroscopy.
Sci Rep. 2020 Aug 11 ;10(1):13566. Epub 2020 Aug 11. PMID: 32782294
To evaluate the effects of L-carnitine on impaired brain function in patients with liver cirrhosis. We conducted a retrospective cohort study that included sequential 80 liver cirrhosis patients with impaired brain function evaluated using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Among them, L-carnitine was administered to 48 patients. The NIRS data and blood ammonia level at baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment were compared between patients administered with L-carnitine (L-carnitine group) and those who were not (control group). The NIRS data at baseline were similar between the L-carnitine and control groups (0.04 ± 0.04 vs. 0.04 ± 0.05 mMmm, p = n.s), whereas those inthe L-carnitine group (n = 48) were significantly better than that of the control group at 8 weeks of treatment (n = 32) (0.103 ± 0.081 vs. 0.040 ± 0.048 mMmm, p < 0.001). In the L-carnitine group, 35.4% (17/48) of patients had hyperammonemia. The NIRS data of the L-carnitine group at 8 weeks of treatment were significantly improved than that of the control group, irrespective of baseline ammonia levels (0.11 ± 0.09 vs. 0.04 ± 0.05 mMmm, p = 0.005, and 0.10 ± 0.06 vs. 0.02 ± 0.03 mMmm, p = 0.003, for normal baseline ammonia and elevated ammonia levels, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, L-carnitine administration (odds ratio [OR] 3.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23-9.99, p = 0.019) and baseline NIRS dataof ≤ 0.07 mMmm (OR 5.21, 95% CI 1.69-16.0, p = 0.0041) were found as independent significant factors. L-carnitine improves impaired brain function in patients with liver cirrhosis.