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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

PS128 Improves Physiological Adaptation and Performance in Triathletes through Gut Microbiota Modulation.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2020 Aug 1 ;12(8). Epub 2020 Aug 1. PMID: 32752178

Abstract Author(s):

Wen-Ching Huang, Chun-Hsu Pan, Chen-Chan Wei, Hui-Yu Huang

Article Affiliation:

Wen-Ching Huang

Abstract:

A triathlon is an extremely high-intensity exercise and a challenge for physiological adaptation. A triathlete's microbiome might be modulated by diet, age, medical treatments, lifestyle, and exercise, thereby maintaining aerobiosis and optimum health and performance. Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics have been reported to have health-promoting activities (e.g., immunoregulation and cancer prevention). However, few studies have addressed how probiotics affect the microbiota of athletes and how this translates into functional activities. In our previous study, we found thatPS128 could ameliorate inflammation and oxidative stress, with improved exercise performance. Thus, here we investigate how the microbiota of triathletes are altered byPS128 supplementation, not only for exercise performance but also for possible physiological adaptation. The triathletes were assigned to two groups: an128 supplement group (LG, 3× 10colony-forming units (CFU)/day) and a placebo group (PG). Both groups continued with their regular exercise training for the next 4 weeks. The endurance performance, body composition, biochemistries, blood cells, microbiota, and associated metabolites were further investigated. PS128 significantly increased the athletes' endurance, by about 130% as compared to the PG group, but there was no significant difference in maximal oxygen consumption (VOmax) and composition between groups. The PS128 supplementation (LG) modulated the athlete's microbiota with both significant decreases (,,,,,,, and) and increases (,,, and), and the LG showed lower diversity when compared to the PG. Also, the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs; acetate, propionate, and butyrate) of the LG were significantly higher than the PG, which might be a result of a modulation of the associated microbiota. In conclusion, PS128 supplementation was associated with an improvement on endurance running performance through microbiota modulation and related metabolites, but not in maximal oxygen uptake.

Study Type : Human Study

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