Efficacy of Lactobacillus-supplemented triple therapy for H. pylori eradication: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
PLoS One. 2019 ;14(10):e0223309. Epub 2019 Oct 2. PMID: 31577828
AIM: To assess the effect of Lactobacillus supplementation on Helicobacter pylori eradication rates and side effects of the triple therapy.
METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were searched for articles published up to July, 2019. Review Manager 5.3 and Stata 12.0 were used for statistical analyses.
RESULTS: The initial database search resulted in 852 articles. Through exclusion and screening, 11 randomized controlled trials involving a total of 724 patients were finally included in this meta-analysis. The H. pylori elimination rate in the Lactobacillus supplement group was significantly higher than that in the control group (RR 1.16, 95% CI 1.08-1.25, P<0.0001). Subgroup analysis showed that the eradication rates were significantly enhanced in both adults and children group, and no significant difference was detected between Asia and Europe group. In addition, sub-analysis based on duration of Lactobacillus supplementation showed the pooled RRs in the long-term and short-term groups were 1.17 (95%CI 1.06-1.30) and 1.16 (95% CI 1.04-1.30), respectively. Regarding the Lactobacillus strains, the pooled RR was 1.33 (95% CI 1.10-1.62) in the L. casei group, 1.18 (95% CI 1.03-1.34) in the L. reuteri group while 1.02 (95% CI 0.87-1.21) in the Lactobacillus GG group. As for the total side effects, Lactobacillus supplementation significantly reduced the incidence of taste disturbance (RR = 0.36, 95% CI 0.17-0.74, P = 0.005).
CONCLUSIONS: Lactobacillus supplementation during the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection can effectively improve the eradication rates, and reduce the incidence of therapy-related taste disturbance.