Lactoferrin inhibits herpes simplex virus type 1 adsorption to Vero cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lactoferrin inhibits herpes simplex virus type 1 adsorption to Vero cells.
Antiviral Res. 1996 Mar ;29(2-3):221-31. PMID: 8739601
This paper describes the ability of human and bovine lactoferrins (HLf; BLf), iron-binding proteins belonging to the non-immune defense system, to interfere with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection. Since lactoferrins are known to bind to heparan sulphate proteoglycans and to low density lipoprotein receptor, which in turn act as binding sites for the initial interaction of HSV-1 with host cells, we tested the effect of these proteins on HSV-1 multiplication in Vero cells. Both HLf and BLf are found to be potent inhibitors of HSV-1 infection, the concentrations required to inhibit the vital cytopathic effect in Vero cells by 50% being 1.41 microM and 0.12 microM, respectively. HLf and BLf exerted their activity through the inhibition of adsorption of virions to the cells independently of their iron withholding property showing similar activity in the apo- and iron-saturated form. The binding of [35S]methionine-labelled HSV-1 particles to Vero cells was strongly inhibited when BLf was added during the attachment step. BLf interacts with both Vero cell surfaces and HSV-1 particles, suggesting that the hindrance of cellular receptors and/or of viral attachment proteins may be involved in its antiviral mechanism.