Lavender oil attenuates renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lavender oil (Lavandula angustifolia) attenuates renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats through suppression of inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Nov 16 ;110:9-19. Epub 2018 Nov 16. PMID: 30453254
Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury following kidney transplantation has been found to be a great clinical problem owing to initiation of acute inflammatory responses and subsequently rapid loss of kidney function. It is well known that lavender oil exhibits an extensive spectrum of pharmacological and biochemical activities. The purpose of this study was to clarify molecular targets of lavender in treatment of this disease. Male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were divided into three major groups: sham, I/R, and I/R + different doses of lavender oil (L1:50 mg/kg, L2: 100 mg/kg, and L3: 200 mg/kg). A rat model of renal I/R (45 min ischemia and 24 h reperfusion) was created and lavender was administrated at 1 h after the beginning of reperfusion (i.p). Activities of antioxidant enzymes such as SOD, GPX, and CAT, and lipid peroxidation were evaluated. The expression of inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, IL1β, and IL10 was determined by IHC and ELISA assay. Apoptosis activity and tissue damage were evaluated by TUNEL and H&E staining, respectively. Our results showed that lavender oil markedly restored activities of antioxidant enzymes and reduced lipid peroxidation (P < 0.05). Lavender significantly decreased levels of TNFα and IL1β and increased level of IL10 in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). Lavender reduced TUNEL positive cells in a dose-dependent manner. However, lavender reduced damage to peritubular capillaries and contributed to preservation of normal morphology of renal cells. In sum, our findings establish a fundamental foundation for future drug industry to decrease the rates of rejection in kidney transplant patients.