Legacy Effect of Antioxidant N-acetylcysteine in Cellular Senescence of Diet-induced Obesity Mice.
Curr Mol Med. 2020 Nov 12. Epub 2020 Nov 12. PMID: 33191885
BACKGROUND: Cellular senescence is a state of stable growth arrest triggered by mitogenic and metabolic stressors. Ageing and a high-fat diet (HFD) are proven inducers of senescence in various organs, presenting a challenge for ageing populations worldwide. Our previous study demonstrated that ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAC) can improve insulin resistance(IR) and chronic inflammation in diet-induced obesity mice, an effect better achieved through early intervention. We herein investigate whether NAC can improve cellular senescence in a diet-induced obesity mouse model, and whether a legacy effect is presented with early intervention.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: For a twelve-month treatment course, all C57B/L6 mice were fed a chow diet (CD), high-fat high sucrose diet (HFD), CD+NAC1-12 (NAC intervention 1st-12th month), HFD+NAC1-12, and HFD+NAC1-6 (NAC intervention 1st-6th month). Statical analysis was used to analyze the different of markers of cellular senescence and inflammation.
RESULTS: Throughout the study, the HFD group exhibited significantly increased body weight (BW) and body fat, markers of senescence, decreased motor activity (MA) and impaired glucose tolerance. Compared to the HFD group, the HFD+NAC1-12 group exhibited increased MA, decreased BW and body fat, improved glucose tolerance, and decreased senescence markers. The HFD+NAC1-6 group showed similar effects to the HFD+NAC1-12 group, despite discontinuing NAC for6 months. Our study showed that NAC significantly increased MA in the both HFD+NAC1-12 and HFD+NAC1-6 groups, and improved HFD-induced mitochondrial and intracellular ROS expression, DNA and protein oxidative damage, and adipose tissue inflammation.
CONCLUSION: Legacy effect was indeed presented in HFD-induced cellular senescence with NAC intervention, with possible mechanisms being persistently increased motor activity and anti-oxidative stress effects.