Lichen substances have antimycobacterial and/or anti-tubercular activity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antimycobacterial activity of lichen substances.
Phytomedicine. 2009 Aug 13. PMID: 19683421
We describe here the extraction and identification of several classes of phenolic compounds from the lichens Parmotrema dilatatum (Vain.) Hale, Parmotrema tinctorum (Nyl.) Hale, Pseudoparmelia sphaerospora (Nyl.) Hale and Usnea subcavata (Motyka) and determined their anti-tubercular activity. The depsides (atranorin, diffractaic and lecanoric acids), depsidones (protocetraric, salazinic, hypostictic and norstictic acids), xanthones (lichexanthone and secalonic acid), and usnic acid, as well seven orsellinic acid esters, five salazinic acid 8',9'-O-alkyl derivatives and four lichexanthone derivatives, were evaluated for their activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Diffractaic acid was the most active compound (MIC value 15.6mug/ml, 41.6muM), followed by norstictic acid (MIC value 62.5mug/ml, 168muM) and usnic acid (MIC value 62.5mug/ml, 182muM). Hypostictic acid (MIC value 94.0mug/ml, 251muM) and protocetraric acid (MIC value 125mug/ml, 334muM) showed moderate inhibitory activity. The other compounds showed lower inhibitory activity on the growth of M. tuberculosis, varying from MIC values of 250 to 1370muM.