Natural Compound Licochalcone B Induced Extrinsic and Intrinsic Apoptosis in Human Skin Melanoma (A375) and Squamous Cell Carcinoma (A431) Cells.
Phytother Res. 2017 Dec ;31(12):1858-1867. Epub 2017 Oct 13. PMID: 29027311
Licochalcone B (Lico B), which is normally isolated from the roots of Glycyrrhiza inflata (Chinese Licorice), generally classified into organic compounds including retrochalcones. Potential pharmacological properties of Lico B include anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer activities. However, its biological effects on melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are unknown. Based on these known facts, this study investigated the role of Lico B in apoptosis, through the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways and additional regulation of specificity protein 1 in human skin cancer cell lines. Annexin V/7-aminoactinomycin D staining, western blot analysis, mitochondrial membrane potential assay, and an anchorage-independent cell transformation assay demonstrated that Lico B treatment of human melanoma and SCC cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptotic cell death. More specifically, Lico B induced apoptosis through the regulation of specificity protein 1 and apoptosis-related proteins including CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein, death receptors, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase. These results indicate that Lico B has apoptotic effect on A375 and A431 skin cancer cells, suggesting the potential value of Lico B for the treatment of human melanoma and SCC. Copyright© 2017 John Wiley&Sons, Ltd.