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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Licochalcone A inhibits EGFR signalling and translationally suppresses survivin expression in human cancer cells.

Abstract Source:

J Cell Mol Med. 2021 Jan ;25(2):813-826. Epub 2020 Nov 27. PMID: 33247550

Abstract Author(s):

Feng Gao, Ming Li, Xinfang Yu, Wenbin Liu, Li Zhou, Wei Li

Article Affiliation:

Feng Gao

Abstract:

Dysfunction of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling plays a critical role in the oncogenesis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we reported the natural product, licochalcone A, exhibited a profound anti-tumour efficacy through directly targeting EGFR signalling. Licochalcone A inhibited in vitro cell growth, colony formation and in vivo tumour growth of either wild-type (WT) or activating mutation EGFR-expressed NSCLC cells. Licochalcone A bound with L858R single-site mutation, exon 19 deletion, L858R/T790M mutation and WT EGFR ex vivo, and impaired EGFR kinase activity both in vitro and in NSCLC cells. The in silico docking study further indicated that licochalcone A interacted with both WT and mutant EGFRs. Moreover, licochalcone A induced apoptosis and decreased survivin protein robustly in NSCLC cells. Mechanistically, we found that treatment with licochalcone A translationally suppressed survivin through inhibiting EGFR downstream kinases ERK1/2 and Akt. Depletion of the translation initiation complex by eIF4E knockdown effectively inhibited survivin expression. In contrast, knockdown of 4E-BP1 showed the opposite effect and dramatically enhanced survivin protein level. Overall, our data indicate that targeting survivin might be an alternative strategy to sensitize EGFR-targeted therapy.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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