n/a
Abstract Title:

Licochalcone a inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo.

Abstract Source:

J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Apr 18 ;60(15):3947-54. Epub 2012 Apr 6. PMID: 22400806

Abstract Author(s):

Xiao Chu, Xinxin Ci, Miaomiao Wei, Xiaofeng Yang, Qingjun Cao, Mingfeng Guan, Hongyu Li, Yanhong Deng, Haihua Feng, Xuming Deng

Article Affiliation:

Xiao Chu

Abstract:

Licochalcone A (Lico A), a flavonoid found in licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra), is known for its antimicrobial activity and its reported ability to inhibit cancer cell proliferation. In the present study, we found that Lico A exerted potent anti-inflammatory effects in in vitro and in vivo models induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The concentrations of TNF-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1β in the culture supernatants of RAW 264.7 cells were determined at different time points following LPS administration. LPS (0.5 mg/kg) was instilled intranasally (i.n.) in phosphate-buffered saline to induce acute lung injury, and 24 h after LPS was given, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was obtained to measure pro-inflammatory mediator and total cell counts. The phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 protein was analyzed by Western blotting. Our results showed that Lico A significantly reduced the amountof inflammatory cells, the lung wet-to-dry weight (W/D) ratio, protein leakage, and myeloperoxidase activity and enhances oxidase dimutase activity in mice with LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay results indicated that Lico A can significantly down-regulate TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β levels in vitro and in vivo, and treatment with Lico A significantly attenuated alveolar wall thickening, alveolar hemorrhage, interstitial edema, and inflammatory cells infiltration in mice with ALI. In addition, we further demonstrated that Lico A exerts an anti-inflammation effect in an in vivo model of acute lung injury through suppression of NF-κB activation and p38/ERK MAPK signaling in a dose-dependent manner.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.