α-Lipoic acid prevents against cisplatin cytotoxicity via activation of the NRF2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway.
PLoS One. 2019 ;14(12):e0226769. Epub 2019 Dec 26. PMID: 31877176
The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by cisplatin is one of the major mechanisms of cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity. We examined the preventive effect ofα-lipoic acid (LA) on cisplatin-induced toxicity via its antioxidant effects on in vitro and ex vivo culture systems. To elucidate the mechanism of the antioxidant activity of LA, NRF2 was inhibited using NRF2 siRNA, and the change in antioxidant activity of LA was characterized. MTT assays showedthat LA was safe at concentrations up to 0.5 mM in HEI-OC1 cells and had a protective effect against cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity. Intracellular ROS production in HEI-OC1 cells was rapidly increased by cisplatin for up to 48 h. However, treatment with LA significantly reduced the production of ROSand increased the expression of the antioxidant proteins HO-1 and SOD1. Ex vivo, the organs of Corti of the group pretreated with LA exhibited better preservation than the group that received cisplatin alone. We also confirmed the nuclear translocation of NRF2 after LA administration, and that NRF2inhibition decreased the antioxidant activity of LA. Together, these results indicate that the antioxidant activity of LA was through the activation of the NRF2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway.