Liquiritigenin exhibits neuroprotective effects against Abeta(25-35)-induced neurotoxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Liquiritigenin inhibits Abeta(25-35)-induced neurotoxicity and secretion of Abeta(1-40) in rat hippocampal neurons.
Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2009 Jul ;30(7):899-906. PMID: 19574995
AIM: To examine whether liquiritigenin, a newly found agonist of selective estrogen receptor-beta, has neuroprotective activity against beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) in rat hippocampal neurons.
METHODS: Primary cultures of rat hippocampal neurons were pretreated with liquiritigenin (0.02, 0.2, and 2 micromol/L) prior to Abeta(25-35) exposure. Following treatment, viability of the cells was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide analysis and by a lactate dehydrogenase activity-based cytotoxicity assay. Intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as well as apoptotic rates, were determined. Our studies were extended in tests of whether liquiritigenin treatment could inhibit the secretion of Abeta(1-40) as measured using an ELISA method. In order to analyze which genes may be involved, we used a microarray assay to compare gene expression patterns. Finally, the levels of specific proteins related to neurotrophy and neurodenegeration were detected by Western blotting.
RESULTS: Pretreated neurons with liquiritigenin in the presence of Abeta(25-35) increased cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner. Liquiritigenin treatment also attenuated Abeta(25-35)-induced increases in [Ca(2+)](i) and ROS level and decreased the apoptotic rate of neurons. Some genes, including B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2), neurotrophin 3 (Ntf-3) and amyloid beta (A4) precursor protein-binding, family B, member 1 (Apbb-1) were regulated by liquiritigenin; similar results were shown at the protein level by Western blotting.
CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that liquiritigenin exhibits neuroprotective effects against Abeta(25-35)-induced neurotoxicity and that it can decrease the secretion of Abeta(1-40). Therefore, liquiritigenin may be useful for further study as a prodrug for treatment of Alzheimer's disease.Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (2009) 30: 899-906; doi: 10.1038/aps.2009.74.