Lobelia can reverse multidrug resistance in tumor cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lobeline, a piperidine alkaloid from Lobelia can reverse P-gp dependent multidrug resistance in tumor cells.
Toxicol Pathol. 2010;38(3):366-71. Epub 2010 Mar 9. PMID: 18222670
Multidrug resistance (MDR) can limit efficacy of chemotherapy. The best studied mechanism involves P-gp (P-glycoprotein) mediated drug efflux. This study focuses on MDR reversal agents from medicinal plants, which can interfere with P-gp. Rhodamine 123 accumulation assay and flow cytometry analysis were employed to screen for P-gp dependant efflux inhibitors. Lobeline, a piperidine alkaloid from Lobelia inflata and several other Lobelia species, inhibited P-gp activity. MDR reversal potential of lobeline could be demonstrated in cells treated with doxorubicin in that lobeline can sensitize resistant tumor cells at non-toxic concentrations. However, lobeline cannot block BCRP (Breast Cancer Resistance Protein) dependent mitoxantrone efflux. Lobeline could be a good candidate for the development of new MDR reversal agents.