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Abstract Title:

A review on the effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) on cytokines of innate and adaptive immunity.

Abstract Source:

Electromagn Biol Med. 2019 ;38(1):84-95. Epub 2018 Dec 6. PMID: 30518268

Abstract Author(s):

Hanie Mahaki, Hamid Tanzadehpanah, Naghi Jabarivasal, Khosro Sardanian, Alireza Zamani

Article Affiliation:

Hanie Mahaki

Abstract:

Extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) is produced extensively in modern technologies. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that ELF-EMF has both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on the immune system response. This review was conducted on effects of ELF-EMF on cytokines of innate and adaptive immunity. Mechanisms of ELF-EMF, which may modulate immune cell responses, were also studied. Physical and biological parameters of ELF-EMF can interact with each other to create beneficial or harmful effect on the immune cell responses by interfering with the inflammatory or anti-inflammatory cytokines. According to the studies, it is supposed that short-term (2-24 h/d up to a week) exposure of ELF-EMF with strong density may increase innate immune response due to an increase of innate immunity cytokines. Furthermore, long-term (2-24 h/d up to 8 years) exposure to low-density ELF-EMF may cause a decrease in adaptive immune response, especially in T1 subset.

Study Type : Review
Additional Links
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Immunoreactive : CK(167) : AC(33)

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