Lotusine, an alkaloid from Nelumbo nucifera (Gaertn.), attenuates doxorubicin-induced toxicity in embryonically derived H9c2 cells.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim. 2020 May ;56(5):367-377. Epub 2020 May 29. PMID: 32468412
Cardiotoxicity is the major challenge in chemotherapy with doxorubicin (DOX) or adriamycin. Doxorubicin manifests oxidative stress via an uncontrolled progression of reactive oxygen species in cardiomyocytes; thereby, dysregulation and dysfunction of myocardium thus lead to apoptosis. Several attempts have been made to overcome this side effect in patients with antioxidant-rich supplements to control the free radicals. Plant-based or plant-derived compounds pay more attention to cure such complications in patients for supporting the treatment, revitalizing or regulating the normal metabolism. Hence, our study focused on pretreatment of embryonically derived rat cardiomyocytes (H9c2) with phytocompound lotusine to prevent DOX-mediated oxidative stress. From the experiment, the DOX-exposed cells have shown morphological abnormalities such as reduced cell size, shrinkage, blebbing, and chromatin condensation, whereas no such deformities were observed in lotusine-pretreated cells even after the exposure to DOX. Increased endogenous antioxidants with reduced lipid peroxidation were observed in lotusine-pretreated cells, whereas the antioxidants were reduced along with increased lipid peroxidation in doxorubicin-exposed cells. A decreased reactive oxygen species generation was evidenced with the 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA) staining method. In qPCR analysis, the lotusine-pretreated cells have mitigated doxorubicin-mediated apoptosis by downregulating the pro-apoptotic gene Bax and apoptotic executor caspase-3. It was further confirmed with the luminometric assay, which resulted in lesser luminescence in lotusine-pretreated cells, whereas higher luminescence was recorded in doxorubicin-alone-treated cells. In conclusion, the present study revealed that the lotusine pretreatment has exhibited potential cardioprotective activity against DOX-induced oxidative stress by increasing the intracellular antioxidant defense.