Abstract Title:

Dietary antioxidant lack, impaired hepatic glutathione reserve, and cholesterol gallstones.

Abstract Source:

Clin Chim Acta. 2004 Nov;349(1-2):157-65. PMID: 15469869

Abstract Author(s):

Helen V Worthington, Linda P Hunt, Rory F McCloy, Jop B Ubbink, Joan M Braganza

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Theoretical considerations and experimental studies suggest a causal connection between micronutrient antioxidant insufficiency and the development of human gallstones. METHODS: Fasting plasma/serum samples from 24 patients with cholesterol gallstones-on unchanged lifestyles-were analysed for the four main micronutrient antioxidants, glutathione and factors that impact or report upon glutathione homeostasis. The results were assessed by comparison with laboratory referent ranges. RESULTS: The vitamin E:cholesterol ratio was lower in patients than controls (P=0.021) as also concentrations of beta-carotene (P=0.001) and vitamin C (P=0.001) but not selenium (P=0.280). A fall in plasma glutathione (P=0.001) was also accompanied by lower values of pyridoxyl-5-phosphate (the coenzyme that participates in vitamin B6-dependent enzyme reactions) which is involved in glutathione biosynthesis (P<0.001), and of folate (P=0.012) but not vitamin B12 (P=0.377) that participate in its regeneration via the methionine-homocysteine pathway. Despite these defects, values for plasma homocysteine were not significantly different from controls (P=0.092)-an anomaly rationalised by poor levels of precursor methionine (P=0.003) and cysteine (P=0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Micronutrient antioxidant-including sulphur amino acid-lack, with disturbed glutathione homeostasis, are features of cholesterol gallstone disease.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.