Low-level laser therapy prevents muscle oxidative stress in rats subjected to high-intensity resistance exercise in a dose-dependent manner.
Lasers Med Sci. 2020 Jan 10. Epub 2020 Jan 10. PMID: 31925594
Simone Silva Dos Santos
High-intensity resistance exercise (RE) increases oxidative stress leading to deleterious effects on muscle performance and recovery. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of applying low-level laser therapy (LLLT) prior to a RE session on muscle oxidative stress and to determine the possible influence of the dosimetric parameters. Female Wistar rats were assigned to non-LLLT (Ctr: non-exercised control; RNI: RE) or LLLT groups subjected to RE (radiant energy: 4 J, 8 J, and 12 J, respectively). RE consisted of four maximum load climbs. An 830-nm DMC Lase Photon III was used to irradiate three points in gastrocnemius muscles (two limbs) before exercise. Animals were euthanized after 60 min after the end of the exercise, and muscle tissue was removed foranalysis of oxidative stress markers. All doses resulted in the prevention of increased lipoperoxidation; however, LLLT prevented protein oxidation only in rats that were pretreated with 8 J and 12 J of energy by LLLT. RE and LLLT did not change catalase activity. However, RE resulted in lower superoxide dismutase activity, and the opposite was observed in the LLLT group. These data indicate that LLLT prior to RE can prevent muscle oxidative stress. This study is the first to evaluate the impact of dosimetric LLLT parameters on the oxidative stress induced by RE, wherein both 8 J and 12 Jof energy afforded significant protection.