Low molecular weight fucoidan fraction ameliorates inflammation and deterioration of skin barrier in fine-dust stimulated keratinocytes.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Nov 18. Epub 2020 Nov 18. PMID: 33220376
Ilekuttige Priyan Shanura Fernando
Recently evidence linking the effects of fine-dust (FD) on skin inflammation is exaggerating. Fucoidan derived from brown algae has great potential for ameliorating oxidative stress and inflammation. Herein, a fucoidan fraction (SHC4-6) was purified from an enzymatic (Celluclast) extract of an invasive seaweed, Sargassum horneri following gradient ethanol precipitation and anion exchange chromatography. Effectiveness of SHC4-6 in ameliorating FD (from Beijing, China)-induced inflammatory responses in HaCaT keratinocytes and recovery of skin barrier dysfunction was evaluated. SHC4-6 was comprising of sulfated mannofucans with their molecular weights distributed around 45 kDa. SHC4-6 dose-dependently lowered ROS levels in FD-induced HaCaT keratinocytes, ameliorating viability at 50 μg mL. SHC4-6 downregulated inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, -5, -6, -8, -13, interferon-γ, and chemokines, macrophage-derived chemokine, eotaxin, and thymus and activation regulated chemokine by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor-κB pathways. SHC4-6 treatment ameliorated key tight junction proteins andskin hydration factors, depicting the effects of fucoidan in reducing FD-induced inflammation and skin barrier deterioration. With further studies in place, SHC4-6 could be used as an ingredient for developing cosmetics to relieve FD-induced skin inflammation.