Abstract Title:

Low-vitamin-D diet lowers cerebral serotonin concentration in mature female mice.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Res. 2020 Jul 24 ;81:71-80. Epub 2020 Jul 24. PMID: 32920521

Abstract Author(s):

Yang Wang, Joshua W Miller, Nicholas T Bello, Sue A Shapses

Article Affiliation:

Yang Wang


Low circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) is commonly found in obese individuals and is often attributed to a volume dilution effect of adipose tissue. However, low vitamin D (LD) intake may contribute to the obesity itself. In this study, we examine whether low vitamin D status contributes to increased food intake and weight gain and can be explained by altered brain serotonin metabolism in 8-month-old female C57BL/6J mice. In a first experiment, mice were fed a 45% high-fat diet (HFD) containing different amounts of vitamin D at low (100 IU/kg), normal (1,000 IU/kg) or high (10,000 IU/kg) intake. After 10 weeks, mice fed LD had greater energy intake, weight gain, total and hepatic fat than the higher vitamin D groups (P<.05). In a second experiment, mice were examined for the central serotonin regulation of food intake after a 10% normal-fat diet (NFD) or 45% HFD containing low (100 IU/kg) or normal (1000 IU/kg) vitamin D. After 10 weeks, both HFD and LD diets attenuated circulating 25OHD concentration. Additionally, LD intake lowered cortical serotonin level, regardless of dietary fat intake (P<.05). In the arcuate and raphe nuclei, gene expression of vitamin D 1α-hydroxylase was lower due to LD during HFD feeding (P<.05). Tryptophan hydroxylase-2 and serotonin reuptake transporter gene expression was not altered due to LD. Overall, these findings suggest that a LD diet alters peripheral 25OHD, reduces central serotonin, and may contribute to weight gain in an obesogenic environment.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.