Lupeol can be used in anti-metastasis of human osteosarcoma cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lupeol suppresses migration and invasionp38/MAPK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways in human osteosarcoma U-2 OS cells.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2019 Sep ;83(9):1729-1739. Epub 2019 Apr 22. PMID: 31010399
Lupeol, one of the common components from the fruits and natural foods, has been reported to exert antitumor activities in many human cancer cell lines; however, its effects on osteosarcoma cell metastasis were not elucidated. In the present study, lupeol at 10-25μM induced cell morphological changes and decreased total viable cell number in U-2 OS cells. Lupeol (5-15 μM) suppressed cell mobility, migration, and invasion by wound healing and transwell chamber assays, respectively. Lupeol inhibited the activities of MMP-2 and -9 in U-2 OS cells by gelatin zymography assay. Lupeol significantly decreased PI3K, pAKT, β-catenin, and increased GSK3β. Furthermore, lupeol decreased the expressions of Ras, p-Raf-1, p-p38, and β-catenin. Lupeol also decreased uPA, MMP-2, MMP-9, and N-cadherin but increased VE-cadherin in U-2 OS cells. Based on these observations, we suggest that lupeol can be used in anti-metastasis of human osteosarcoma cells in the future.