n/a
Abstract Title:

Luteolin Alters Macrophage Polarization to Inhibit Inflammation.

Abstract Source:

Inflammation. 2019 Oct 31. Epub 2019 Oct 31. PMID: 31673976

Abstract Author(s):

Shuxia Wang, Meng Cao, Shuhang Xu, Jianfeng Shi, Xiaodong Mao, Xiaoming Yao, Chao Liu

Article Affiliation:

Shuxia Wang

Abstract:

Luteolin is a natural flavonoid compound derived from vegetables, fruits, and herbs with potent anti-inflammatory activity. Macrophage polarization is important in the development and progression of inflammation. However, whether luteolin can inhibit inflammation by regulating the polarized phenotypes of macrophages remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of luteolin on the inflammatory polarization of macrophages and the underlying mechanisms. RAW264.7 macrophages were induced to M1 polarization by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide plus interferon-γ or to M2 polarization with interleukin 4 (IL-4), simultaneously, accompanied with different concentrations of luteolin. Laser confocal microscopy was used to observe cell morphology; flow cytometry was employed to detect the expression of membrane surface molecule CD86 and CD206; qPCR was performed to examine the mRNA expression of M1 markers (iNOS, IL-1β, IL-6) and M2 markers (Arg1, CD206, CD163, IL-10, and IL-13), respectively; ELISA was used to examine the levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10; and Western blotting was used to evaluate the p-STAT3 and p-STAT6 protein pathway. The morphologyof activated M1 macrophages changed significantly, developing dendritic characteristics. After luteolin treatment, the expression of M1-type proinflammatory mediators and the surface marker CD86 were decreased evidently, but those of M2-related anti-inflammatory factors and CD206 were increased markedly. Moreover, p-STAT3 was downregulated and p-STAT6 was upregulated in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion, luteolin can alter the M1/M2 polarization of macrophages, thereby playing an anti-inflammatory role via downregulation of p-STAT3 and upregulation of p-STAT6. Therefore, luteolin may be potentially valuable to inhibit inflammation.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.