Luteolin and apigenin attenuate LPS-induced astrocyte activation and cytokine production. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Luteolin and Apigenin Attenuate LPS-Induced Astrocyte Activation and Cytokine Production by Targeting MAPK, STAT3, and NF-κB Signaling Pathways.
Inflammation. 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27. PMID: 32462548
Denis Nchang Che
Astrocytes release biologically active substances that cause inflammation in neurodegenerative diseases. The present study investigated the effects of two flavonoids (apigenin and luteolin) on the production of IL-31 and IL-33 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated astrocytes. Cell viability was investigated using EZ-Cytox assay, mRNA expressions of IL-31 and IL-33 were analyzed by RT-PCR, protein expressions were analyzed by western blot, and cytokine secretion was analyzed by ELISA. Apigenin and luteolin prevented astrocyte activation and inhibited mRNA and protein expression and secretion of IL-31 and IL-33 in the LPS-treated astrocytes. Apigenin's suppression of ERK, NF-κB, and STAT3 activations was responsible for the inhibition of IL-31 and IL-33, while luteolin's suppression of JNK, p38, ERK, NF-κB, and STAT3 activations was responsible for the inhibition of IL-31 in the astrocytes. Also, luteolin's suppression of ERK, NF-κB, and STAT3 activations inhibited IL-33 production in the activated astrocytes. In addition, apigenin and luteolin also prevented the translocation of activated STAT3 and NF-κB to the nucleus of the activated astrocytes and subsequently affected their DNA binding activities. The results suggest that apigenin and luteolin may have potentials as neuroprotective agents for the treatment of diseases involving astrocyte activation and detrimental production of IL-31 and IL-33.