Abstract Title:

Luteolin and apigenin derived glycosides from Alphonsea elliptica abrogate LPS-induced inflammatory responses in human plasma.

Abstract Source:

J Ethnopharmacol. 2021 Apr 20 ;275:114120. Epub 2021 Apr 20. PMID: 33857595

Abstract Author(s):

Ali Attiq, Juriyati Jalil, Khairana Husain, Hazni Falina Mohamad, Abrar Ahmad

Article Affiliation:

Ali Attiq


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Numerous Alphonsea species including Alphonsea elliptica (mempisang) leaves and fruits are indigenously used in inflammatory conditions such as postpartum swelling and rheumatism in southeast Asian countries. In our previous in-vitro findings, A. elliptica methanol extract exhibited platelet-activating factor inhibition, suggesting the presence of phyto-constituents with anti-inflammatory potential.

AIM OF THE STUDY: However, so far there is no literature available on the anti-inflammatory activity of this species. Henceforth, based on the above background and our previous laboratory findings, we hypothesize that phytoconstituents of A. elliptica could possess anti-inflammatory potential against inflammatory mediators including prostaglandin-E(PGE), cyclooxegenase-2 (COX-2) and cytokines (IL-1β and IL-6).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Vacuum and column chromatography techniques were employed for the isolation of phytoconstituents. The structure elucidation was carried out using HRESI-MS,H andC-NMR analysis and compared with the published literature. For cytotoxicity analysis, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was performed on peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In-vitro anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated against the levels of PGE, COX-2, IL-1β and IL-6 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human plasma using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and radioimmunoassay.

RESULTS: Unprecedentedly, chromatographic purification of methanolic leaves extract afforded five flavones namely vitexin, isovitexin, orientin, isoorientin, schaftoside with three flavanols; kaempferol, myricetin and rutin from A elliptica. In cell viability analysis, isolates did not present cytotoxicity up to 50 μM. In anti-inflammatory evaluation, orientin and isoorientin exhibited strong (≥70%), while isovitexin and vitexin produced strong to moderate (50-69%) PGE, COX-2, IL-1β and IL-6 inhibition at 25 and 50 μM. Isoorientin, orientin, isovitexin, and vitexin showed significant (p < 0.05) and concentration-dependent PGEinhibition with ICvalues (μM) of 11.40, 14.71, 17.70 and 20.58 against indomethacin (8.80). Furthermore, isoorientin, orientin, isovitexin, and vitexin produced significant concentration-dependent inhibition with ICvalues (μM) of COX-2: 7.13, 9.51, 12.81, 16.61; IL-1β 4.80, 6.20, 10.85, 14.51; IL-6: 4.01, 5.90, 11.51 and 14.88 as compared to dexamethasone: 5.29, 2.93, 3.72, respectively (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Conclusively, isolated phytoconstituents are reported for the first time from the A. elliptica. Moreover, isovitexin, vitexin orientin and isoorientin abrogated LPS-induced inflammatory responses in human plasma at non-cytotoxic concentrations.

Study Type : Human In Vitro

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.