Luteolin inhibits the proliferation of RPMI-8226 cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
[Effects of Luteolin on Proliferation and Programmed Cell Death of Human Multiple Myeloma Cell RPMI-8226].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2018 Oct ;26(5):1425-1429. PMID: 30295262
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Luteolin on proliferation and cell death of human multiple myeloma cell line RPMI-8226 and its mechanisms.
METHODS: The effect of Luteolin on the growth of human multiple myeloma cell line RPMI-8226 was detected by CCK-8, and then the minimal effective concentration was determined and was used to treat RPMI-8226 cells. The effects of luteolin and chloroquine on expression of cleaved-caspase 3 and LC3 in RPMI8826 cells was detected by Western blot.
RESULTS: The luteolin significant inhibited RPMI-8226 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with lutedin 40-80µmol/L for 24 hours and luteolin 20-80µmol/L for 48 hours inhibited RPMI-8226 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner (24 h, r= -0.983; 48 h, r= -0.985). After treatment with lutelin 20µmol/L for 48 h, the expression of cleaved caspase3 and LC3 Ⅱ/Ⅰ in RPMI 8826 cells significantly increased; after treatment with chloroquine at the same time, the expression of cleaved-caspase 3 and LC3 Ⅱ/Ⅰ significantly decreased.
CONCLUSION: Luteolin inhibits the proliferation of RPMI-8226 cells by inducing the pathways of both apoptosis and autophagy, moreover the actions of apoptosis and autophagy are interactive or/and promotive each other.