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Abstract Title:

Luteolin-regulated MicroRNA-301-3p Targets Caspase-8 and Modulates TRAIL Sensitivity in PANC-1 Cells.

Abstract Source:

Anticancer Res. 2020 Feb ;40(2):723-731. PMID: 32014914

Abstract Author(s):

Sokviseth Moeng, Seung Wan Son, Hyun Ah Seo, Jong Sun Lee, Chung Kwon Kim, Hyo Jeong Kuh, Jong Kook Park

Article Affiliation:

Sokviseth Moeng

Abstract:

BACKGROUND/AIM: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play regulatory roles in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, it is still required to identify the function of miRNA-301-3p in pancreatic cancer cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Effects of luteolin on cell growth, TRAIL cytotoxicity, and miR-301-3p levels were evaluated. The role of miRNA-301-3p in regulating cell proliferation, target gene expression, and TRAIL cytotoxicity were studied.

RESULTS: The levels of miR-301-3p were down-regulated in PANC-1 cells exposed to luteolin, which inhibits the growth of PANC-1 cells and sensitizes cells to TRAIL. The knockdown of miR-301-3p attenuates cell proliferation and enhances TRAIL cytotoxicity. In addition, caspase-8 was directly targeted by miR-301-3p.

CONCLUSION: Our findings unveil a critical biological function of miR-301-3p in regulating cell proliferation and elevating an antiproliferative effect of TRAIL on cancer cells. Our observation of miR-301-3p/caspase-8 relationship can also serve to clarify the role of miR-301-3p in other cancer types and related diseases.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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