Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Lycopene Extracts from Different Tomato-Based Food Products Induce Apoptosis in Cultured Human Primary Prostate Cancer Cells and Regulate TP53, Bax and Bcl-2 Transcript Expression

Abstract Source:

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2017 02 1 ;18(2):339-345. Epub 2017 Feb 1. PMID: 28345329

Abstract Author(s):

Nathalia da Costa Pereira Soares, Clara Lima Machado, Bruno Boquimpani Trindade, Ingridy Celestino do Canto Lima, Etel Rodrigues Pereira Gimba, Anderson Junger Teodoro, Christina Takiya, Radovan Borojevic

Article Affiliation:

Nathalia da Costa Pereira Soares


Carotenoids are the main tomato components, especially lycopene. Lycopene is more bioavailable in tomato processed products than in raw tomatos, since formation of lycopene cis-isomers during food processing and storage may increase its biological activity. In the current study, we evaluated the influence of lycopene extracts (5 mg / mL) from different tomato-based food products (paste, sauce, extract and ketchup) on cell viability and apoptosis on primary human prostate cancer cells (PCa cels) for 96h. Using MTT assay, we observed a significant decrease on primary PCa cell viability upon treatment with lycopene extracted from either 4 tomato-based food products. Flow cytometeric analysis revealed that lycopene from tomato extract and tomato sauce promoted up to fifty-fold increase on the proportion of apoptotic cells, when compared to the control group. Using real time PCR assay, we found that lycopene promoted an upregulation of TP53 and Bax transcript expression and also downregulation of Bcl-2 expression in PCa cells. In conclusion, our data demostrate that cis-lycopene promoted a significant inhibition on primary PCa cell viability, as well as an increase on their apoptotic rates, evidencing that cis-lycopene contained in tomato sauce and extract cain mainly modulate of primary human prostate cancer cell survival.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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