Macrophage immunomodulatory activity of the polysaccharide isolated from Collybia radicata mushroom.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2018 Mar ;108:300-306. Epub 2017 Dec 6. PMID: 29222012
Polysaccharides from Collybia radicata mushroom (CRP) possess many functions, such as antiviral, anti-aging and hypolipidemic activities. However, little is known about their immunomodulatory activity. To address this issue, we did a thorough research into their immune effects on murine macrophages. The results showed that the 14942Da polysaccharide not only obviously improved the proliferation and phagocytosis of macrophages, but also induced the secretion of nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin factors (IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10). At a concentration of 850.0μgmL, the polysaccharide stimulated their proliferation and phagocytosis to 2.1 and 3.4 times, respectively, as compared to the negative group. Meanwhile, it raised the production of NO by inducing iNOS in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, it enhanced the release of these cytokines to multiples from 2.3 to 3.6 times. As an inhibitor of TLR4 (Toll-like Receptor 4), TAK242 suppressed the secretion of NO, iNOS and cytokines above 51%, and ORP acted on the cells mainly via TLR4. Consequently, the polysaccharide has a potent immunomodulatory activity by stimulating macrophages and can be considered as a novel potential immunopotentiator in medical and food industries.