Abstract Title:

Magnolol Attenuates Cisplatin-Induced Muscle Wasting by M2c Macrophage Activation.

Abstract Source:

Front Immunol. 2020 ;11:77. Epub 2020 Feb 7. PMID: 32117241

Abstract Author(s):

Chanju Lee, Hyunju Jeong, Hyunji Lee, Minwoo Hong, Seon-Young Park, Hyunsu Bae

Article Affiliation:

Chanju Lee


Cancer chemotherapy induces sarcopenia, which is a rapid loss of muscle mass that directly restricts daily activities and leads to poor quality of life and increased mortality. Although hormone-related therapies have been used to improve appetite and nutritional status, current treatments are considered palliative. Thus, the protection of skeletal muscle loss without adverse effects is essential to allow the maintenance of chemotherapy in cancer patients. Magnolol fromhas several pharmacological effects including anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities, but the protection from muscle atrophy is not well-understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of magnolol on muscle wasting and macrophage subtypes in a cisplatin-induced sarcopenia mouse model. We showed that magnolol significantly attenuated the body weight and the muscle loss induced by cisplatin injection. The diameter of the tibialis anterior muscle was markedly increased after magnolol treatment in cisplatin-treated mice. Importantly, magnolol increased macrophage infiltration into skeletal muscle while not affecting proliferation of macrophages. Magnolol attenuated the imbalance of M1/M2c macrophages by increasing CD206CD163M2c tissue reparative macrophages. Further, magnolol increased insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 expression. This effect was also observed in bone marrow-derived macrophages upon magnolol treatment. Taken together, magnolol may be a promising chemoprotective agent for the prevention of muscle atrophy through the upregulating M2c macrophages, which are a major source of IGF-1.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.